Dr Sun Yatsen's
The Mausoleum of Dr.Sun Yat Sen holds a
special place in the heart of not only the Chinese people
but all those who have respect for Chinese history,
culture and work of art. As the name suggests, this
is the place where the tomb of Dr. Sun Yat Sen (1866
- 1925), the father of modern China, can be found.
It is said that in his will Dr. Sun Yat Sen expressed
the desire to be buried in the Bell Mountain. And that
is where he lies today, surrounded by breathtaking beauty
and lush green majesty, in this beautiful locale of
Nanjing, China. The mausoleum, which now covers an area
of 80,000 sq. m, was started in 1926 and was completed
after three years in 1929. The coffin of Dr. Sun was
transferred to Nanjing on May 28, 1929 and was buried
in the mausoleum on June 1.
A marble pavement leads to the gate of the
mausoleum which has cyan tile decoration on its top.
To the people of China the color is symbolic of the
spirit of justice and fairness because it is the color
of the clear sky. The front gate contains an inscription
of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen towards its top: ¡®The
World is Commonwealth¡¯. The words bring
home the thoughts and principles that had inspired and
had been advocated by one of the greatest Chinese leaders
of all time.
A marble pavilion leads through the gate. This is also
the place where a 9m high and 4 m wide stele, which
had been erected by Kuomintang honoring Dr. Sun Yat
Sen, stands erect. 24 Chinese characters are carved
on the stele and they read: "In June 1, the 18th
Year of the Republic of China (1929), Premier Sun Yat-sen
of the Kuomintang of China Buried Here".
Steps made of Suzhou granite, 392 in all, stretch from
the Memorial Archway to the Memorial Hall. This flight
of stairs first leads to the highest place (about 518
feet) of the Mausoleum - the Sacrificial Hall. Located
at the center of this plateau, this Hall is known as
an Alhambresque construction where the architectural
style of China meets that of the Western world. Around
this Hall can be found two ornamental columns (Huabiao)
of 12.6 meter each which remind one of the columns found
in Tianenmen Square.
Stylistically, the Memorial Hall resembles that of a
palace with its outer wall made of granite from Hong
Kong. Each of the three archways of the Hall contains
the three golden words of the leader: "The Nation",
"The Civil Right" and "The People's Livelihood".
Right at the center, there stands a 4.6 meter high statue
of Dr. Sun Yat Sen. He has an open book on his lap,
wears a long gown and looks forward. The gesture captures
the wisdom of the great leader and crystallizes it for
ever. The glorious life of Dr. Sun gets a new expression
through six embossments at the foot of the statue. The
tomb itself is in the shape of a hemisphere. Its gate
lies at the center of the back wall. The marble coffin
is placed at the center and in it sleeps one of the
most glorious personalities of Chinese history, forever.
There are many memorial buildings around
the Mausoleum. These include the Zhengqi Pavilion, Open-air
Music Hall, Waxwork Home of Democratic Revolution, the
Sun Yat-sen Museum, etc.
Sun Yatsen's Mausoleum
wall of Nanjing